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Nazi Germany: The Last Days

A dream shattered: A German soldier sits morosely near the Reichstag


Berlin operation from April 16 to May 8, '45 put 400,000 killed 
Prague operation from 5 to 9 May 1945, in Prague, another 40,000 were killed. 
Upper-operation (15-31 March 1945) - more than 40,000 were killed 
East Prussian operation (January 13-April 25, 1945) - 150,000 killed 
East Pomeranian Offensive (February 10 - April 4, 1945) - 53,000 killed. 
Balaton defensive operation (March 1-15, 1945). - 39,000 killed 
Moravska Ostrava operation (March 10-May 5, 1945) - more than 100,000 dead 
Vienna operation (March 16-April 15, 1945) - 41,000 killed 
Bratislava Brnovskaya-operation (March 25-May 5, 1945) - more than 70,000 killed 
Koenigsberg operation (6-9 April 1945) - 60,000 killed. 
Nizhneselezskaya offensive (8-24 February 1945) - 36,000 killed 
Kurland operation (elimination boiler May 15, 1945) - 34,000 killed 
Western Carpathian operation (January 12-February 18, 1945) -
Total: 1,063,000 Germans died in the last 100 days of the war.

The only man left: Field Marshal Keitel sits down to surrender

This is what remains of a German Personnel Carrier with ten barreled mortar

Brandenburg Gate, once a symbol of a proud nation lies broken as the conquerors swarm around

Berlin in May 1945: A ruined city
Broken, defeated men: Captured pilots of the Luftwaffe

Keitel walks to surrender

The guns fell silent in Berlin: Last men of the Wehrmacht to surrender

The fight is over. The remaining German soldiers who were left alive surrender to triumphant Russians

The children of Joseph Goebbels: He killed them so that they would not fall into Russian hands
The Russians start distributing food to starving people of Berlin

The skies over Berlin: Once Luftwaffe planes proudly flew; now Russian planes dominate the air over the once-proud capital of the Third Reich

Death and destruction in the East Prussian city of Pilau

"Dragon's Teeth': German fortifications to ward off the approaching Russians, west of Berlin

A column of German POWS. Once they were hailed as heroes by the people; now they get sad or indifferent stares
A Russian soldier takes over the traffic east of Berlin

Soviet tanks trundle through Berlin

Russian soldiers march into Vienna, as Austria too fell. April 1945
Berlin in April end, 1945

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"Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it."
-- George Santayana

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May 1945 - If hell on earth existed, than it existed in Prague after May the 5th. 1945. Old men, women and children were beaten to death and maimed. Rapes, barbaric cruelties, horror-scenarios of hellish proportions - here they had been let lose.

- Ludek Pachmann, Czech Chess-Grand Master and publicist, forty years after the fact.

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"History is a guide to navigation in perilous times. History is who we are and why we are the way we are."

History, despite its wrenching pain, cannot be unlived, but if faced with courage, need not be lived again.


HISTORY, n. An account mostly false, of events mostly unimportant, which are brought about by rulers mostly knaves, and soldiers mostly fools.
-- Ambrose Bierce

We learn from history that we learn nothing from history.


"I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and that is the lamp of experience. I know no way of judging of the future but by the past."

"Patriotism ruins history."

Snippets from History

This short but important battle played a key role in the decision to use atomic bombs when attacking Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The battle showed just how far Japanese troops would go to defend their country.

Snippets From History

Paulus didn't give the order to 6th Army to surrender, but his troops no longer had much fight left in them. Resistance faded out over the next two days, with the last die-hards finally calling it quits. One Red Army colonel shouted at a group of prisoners, waving at the ruins all around them: "That's how Berlin is going to look!


History is Philosophy teaching by examples.


"Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it."
-- George Santayana

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The aim of individuals in any society is money and power. Societies that give equal chance to all its members to get them will be the most stable. That is why democracies are more stable than other systems of governance.

China after Deng's reform gave the chance to get rich but power is in the hands of an elite; the Communist Party of China. Membership to the party is at the whims of the local party bosses. This leaves out many people who crave political power dissatisfied and disgruntled. There in lies the roots of instability. The Party suppressed these demands once at Tiananmen in 1989. But force is hardly the way to deal with things like these.

READ MORE: Tiananmen Square Massacre